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Male Pattern Baldness

Causes, Treatments, and Prevention

Hair loss in men can happen at any age with many seeing thinning by the age of 50, while some guys start to lose theirs before they turn 21. One of the most common reasons for men to lose hair is male pattern baldness.

What Causes Male Pattern Baldness?

Arguably the most common and well-known form of hair loss, Male Pattern Baldness (MPB) is characterised by diffuse thinning on either the crown of the head or top of the scalp, and can also be seen at the temples creating the appearance of a receding hairline.

Also known as Androgenetic Alopecia, this form of hair loss can begin as a general thinning of hair and take years to become pronounced, although balding areas of the scalp can present much more rapidly depending on the individual’s genetic disposition, lifestyle choices and nutrient intake.

Male Pattern Baldness and Genetics

Unfortunately, male pattern hair loss is an inherited condition, meaning you may be genetically predisposed to hair loss. Up to 50% of men will experience male pattern baldness at some point in their lives and it can occur at any age, from 17 to 70.

While your genetics is one of the reasons for hair loss, there are other male pattern baldness causes that need exploring including medications, the effects of cancer treatments and stress. 

Treatment for Male Pattern Baldness

Although there is no definitive cure for male pattern baldness, there are plenty of ways in which the symptoms can be hidden or dramatically reduced. Some of the most effective include:


Minoxidil is an over-the-counter treatment applied directly to the scalp. It is available as a lotion or foam from most pharmacies and takes anywhere between three and six months for the effects to be noticeable.

Laser Hair Therapy

Laser therapy is another option for those suffering from MPB and works by directly stimulating the follicles on your head and increasing blood flow to affected areas. Laser therapy is a great option for those in the early stages of MPB and works particularly well when used alongside a course of minoxidil.

Hair Replacement Systems

Hair systems are a great solution for those experiencing more severe MPB where laser therapy or minoxidil would be less effective. They work by creating a bespoke head of hair that is installed using non-surgical methods.

Concealment Products

Hair loss concealers are a great way to make thinning hair look full again. They work particularly well on the crown and work by attaching themselves to existing hairs. Made from Keratine, when applied sparingly you can build up a natural-looking coverage that will last all day when used with hairspray.

Volumising Shampoo & Conditioners

Another way to maximise your hair’s thickness is to use volumising shampoo, conditioner and other hair products. You can also choose hairstyles that boost the appearance of hair to make it appear as full as possible.

Our Experts

Pete Murtha
CEO & Founder
Annie French
Senior Consultant

How Optima Can Help With Male Pattern Baldness

Optima has extensive experience in helping a range of men with MPB. Ranging from clients as young as 4 up to 80, we specialise in all things hair and hair replacement. We offer all of the treatments outlined above and our consultants will be able to discuss with you the best course of action based on your current situation in a no-obligation consultation.